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5 Smart Apartment Designs That Maximize Space

One of the key design solutions for a well-designed tiny apartment is multifunctional spaces. Assigning several functions to an area minimizes wasted space and maximizes every inch of space. Hiding unused components also declutters the area, making it appear larger than it looks. These are just some of the clever solutions designers implement to create beautiful and efficient interiors. Below are seven well-designed tiny apartments that will capture your interest.   1. 24 in 1 Transformer Apartment Designed by: Architect Gary Chang Area: 24 sqm / 258 sq. ft. The concept for the apartment is a time-based design that uses shared space one function at a time. Several movable walls hide everything out of sight, decluttering the space. Everything slides against the wall to open up center space. By layering several movable walls, the apartment has abundant storage space hidden within the wall. Shifting the center wall panel to the center allows access to the hidden bathtub, which also has a

Tutorial: Selective Noise Reduction

Shooting at high ISO can result in noise. Most of the time noise both color and luminance are found at dark areas of the photos. Applying noise reduction to the photos will also result in reduction of details. I've devised a method in selectively reducing noise on my photos shot at high ISO. Below is step by step guide to my selective noise reduction work flow on photoshop. (Click on the images to view full size)

1. Open the file
2. Create a duplicate layer of the file

3. Apply Noise reduction to the entire photo. You may use any noise reduction filter you like. I prefer the Reduce Noise Filter.

4. Apply desired amount on the noise reduction. Since my photo has a lot of visible chroma noise on the dark areas and contains visible luminance noise I choose to put the amount to full. I can adjust the amount of noise reduction on the dark areas later.
5. Since there are still some visible chroma noise in the photo I applied some blur to further reduce the visibility of the chroma noise. If by this point your  photos are already free of luminance and chroma noise you can skip this step.
6. I picked smart blur to further reduce the chroma noise.
7. After applying the blur I selected everything on the photo and copied it.
8. I created a layer mask on the cleaned image
9. Went to the channels tab and pasted the copied image on the alpha channel tab.
10. After pasting the photo on the alpha channel I then inverted the alpha channel. The invert command is located on the menu Image>Adjustement>Invert
 11. If by this point the photo is still a bit blurry you can select the alpha channel of the clean layer and adjust the levels. I usually drag the middle button to the right to increase the darkness of the midtones thus reducing the visibility of the clean image on the final image.
12. Save file and that is it.

For comparison I have attached the before and after image of the file

100% crop

100% Crop